america-wakiewakie:

Californians Against Fracking Releases New Data Analysis: Oil Industry in California Wastes 2 Million Gallons of Water Each Day | Californians Against Fracking
Each day, the oil and gas industry uses more than 2 million gallons of water on average in California on dangerous extraction techniques such as fracking, acidizing, and cyclic steam injection. At a time when California is facing the worst drought on record, when farmers and cities are both struggling to find ways to conserve water, the oil and gas industry continues to use, contaminate, and dispose of staggering amounts of precious water resources each day.
…According to a recent report from the California Department of Conservation’s Divison of Oil, Gas and Geothermal Resources (DOGGR), an average of 480,000 barrels of water per day (roughly 20 million gallons/day) is injected for cyclic steam projects in California.  Not all of this water is fresh water because certain operations reuse some amount of water during the process. Because the industry refuses to disclose how much freshwater they use in the process, and they are not required to do so, we looked at the amount of freshwater purchased by the oil industry in Kern County, where over 2/3 of California’s oil reserves are located, to estimate how much freshwater is used in the cyclic steam process.   In 2008 about 15 percent of the total amount of water injected in Kern was fresh water purchased from the State Water Project via local water districts.
We based our estimates on the conservative assumption that only 10 percent of the 20 million gallons of water injected per day is fresh water that could otherwise be conserved or used for municipal and agricultural purposes, which amounts to roughly 2 million gallons each and every day. The true number is likely to be higher because some cyclic steam projects recycle far less water. For example, the Indian Pilot Wells Project in San Benito County estimated that over one million gallons of freshwater would be needed for each of 15 separate wells, and that all of the water would be extracted from the Bitterwater Valley Groundwater Basin.
Acidizing, gravel packing, and fracking in Los Angeles Air Basin. In one year of reporting, the South Coast Air Quality Management District’s data show that oil and gas companies in Orange and Los Angeles counties used over 15 million gallons of water for acidizing, gravel packing, and hydraulic fracturing. That amounts to 41,000 gallons per day just in those two counties. Because DOGGR has not collected data on acidizing and gravel packing on other counties, it is difficult to estimate the amount of water used for these techniques in other parts of the state, particularly in Kern County. If acidizing is performed as routinely on wells in Kern County as it is in Orange and Los Angeles Counties, the total water usage attributable to acidizing and gravel packing could be many times higher.
Fracking throughout California. Reports from FracFocus and DOGGR’s website show fracking has occurred over 200 times in 2014. Reports of water use total 12.8 million gallons so far in 2014 (through May, since it takes two months for water use reports to become available). This is equivalent to roughly 94,000 gallons per day.
CONCLUSION:
Total Water Use. In sum, water use by extreme oil and gas production amounts to approximately 2.14 million gallons every day. These numbers are estimates, and they are likely to be conservative due to the unreported well stimulation events occurring throughout the state and the likelihood that water recycling rates are significantly lower at cyclic steam injection projects. The true figures for water use by these extraction techniques are likely far larger.
(Read Full Text) (Photo Credig: 350.org)

america-wakiewakie:

Californians Against Fracking Releases New Data Analysis: Oil Industry in California Wastes 2 Million Gallons of Water Each Day | Californians Against Fracking

Each day, the oil and gas industry uses more than 2 million gallons of water on average in California on dangerous extraction techniques such as fracking, acidizing, and cyclic steam injection. At a time when California is facing the worst drought on record, when farmers and cities are both struggling to find ways to conserve water, the oil and gas industry continues to use, contaminate, and dispose of staggering amounts of precious water resources each day.

…According to a recent report from the California Department of Conservation’s Divison of Oil, Gas and Geothermal Resources (DOGGR), an average of 480,000 barrels of water per day (roughly 20 million gallons/day) is injected for cyclic steam projects in California.  Not all of this water is fresh water because certain operations reuse some amount of water during the process. Because the industry refuses to disclose how much freshwater they use in the process, and they are not required to do so, we looked at the amount of freshwater purchased by the oil industry in Kern County, where over 2/3 of California’s oil reserves are located, to estimate how much freshwater is used in the cyclic steam process.   In 2008 about 15 percent of the total amount of water injected in Kern was fresh water purchased from the State Water Project via local water districts.

We based our estimates on the conservative assumption that only 10 percent of the 20 million gallons of water injected per day is fresh water that could otherwise be conserved or used for municipal and agricultural purposes, which amounts to roughly 2 million gallons each and every day. The true number is likely to be higher because some cyclic steam projects recycle far less water. For example, the Indian Pilot Wells Project in San Benito County estimated that over one million gallons of freshwater would be needed for each of 15 separate wells, and that all of the water would be extracted from the Bitterwater Valley Groundwater Basin.

Acidizing, gravel packing, and fracking in Los Angeles Air Basin. In one year of reporting, the South Coast Air Quality Management District’s data show that oil and gas companies in Orange and Los Angeles counties used over 15 million gallons of water for acidizing, gravel packing, and hydraulic fracturing. That amounts to 41,000 gallons per day just in those two counties. Because DOGGR has not collected data on acidizing and gravel packing on other counties, it is difficult to estimate the amount of water used for these techniques in other parts of the state, particularly in Kern County. If acidizing is performed as routinely on wells in Kern County as it is in Orange and Los Angeles Counties, the total water usage attributable to acidizing and gravel packing could be many times higher.

Fracking throughout CaliforniaReports from FracFocus and DOGGR’s website show fracking has occurred over 200 times in 2014. Reports of water use total 12.8 million gallons so far in 2014 (through May, since it takes two months for water use reports to become available). This is equivalent to roughly 94,000 gallons per day.

CONCLUSION:

Total Water Use. In sum, water use by extreme oil and gas production amounts to approximately 2.14 million gallons every day. These numbers are estimates, and they are likely to be conservative due to the unreported well stimulation events occurring throughout the state and the likelihood that water recycling rates are significantly lower at cyclic steam injection projects. The true figures for water use by these extraction techniques are likely far larger.

(Read Full Text) (Photo Credig: 350.org)

(via shitty-darren)

I just want you to love me

tyrannia:

HD porn is so clear that you can actually see how disappointed their parents are

(via justanotherlamebitch-deactivate)

What’s the point if everything I do falls apart or amounts to nothing.

playitagainmichael:

All of our lives we’ve been told what to believe. “Nothing is perfect” so what’s the point of purpose? The line that separates the weak from us who truly care, is one I don’t intend to cross. The heart of man beats but only in greedy hands, and it seems that most are still content. Where most are comfortable accepting insignificance, we strive to find the effort within. If you open up your eyes, and open up your mind you be exposed to a world as cold as those who are left to populate it. Two decades spent swallowing lie after lie has sparked a fire in my heart, and the time has come to spread the flame. We can’t continue wasting time, day after day trying to find a new means of escape. We do this day after day. And I can’t face the disconnect. I’ll shed the dead weight and rise. I never thought that I would need to justify a reason to continue in this life I lead. I fucking hate the world, I fucking hate myself. I swore I’d never fucking feel like this.

All around me I see the destruction of my world

lost minds and souls, hearts hard as coal, with fewer diamonds in the rough

and I don’t know how to react. I have no counterattack.

I try to have hope, but I lose faith myself

The love I give out gets put back on the shelf in that glass case where people mourn at what “used to be”.

But it doesn’t have to “used to be” come on somebody make some use of me.

..for other than their own selfish needs.

i need someone to share these dreams with

this bed is not enough. 

it just reminds me that I am alone.

playitagainmichael:

I’ve seen more guts in eleven year old kids. (Taken with Instagram)

playitagainmichael:

I’ve seen more guts in eleven year old kids. (Taken with Instagram)

playitagainmichael:

I won’t ever say goodbye because there’s no good in it I’ll stay the course, you’ve sailed away while my path leads to God only knows I’ll finish this race, you’ve quit so early I’d invite you to swim but drifting is not swimming and this is it, you’ve given me no choice but to use mere words to stay alive. while you’ve paid them no mind. and I’ll tell stories about your life, you are no hero but I’ll lie… because, when all is lost I won’t think of you there’s nothing in this world that ghost can do no matter what’s ahead I’ll push on through for your life or through your death, I’ll keep on.

playitagainmichael:

I won’t ever say goodbye because there’s no good in it 
I’ll stay the course, you’ve sailed away 
while my path leads to God only knows 
I’ll finish this race, you’ve quit so early 
I’d invite you to swim but drifting is not swimming 
and this is it, you’ve given me no choice 
but to use mere words to stay alive. while you’ve paid them no mind. 
and I’ll tell stories about your life, you are no hero but I’ll lie… 

because, when all is lost I won’t think of you 
there’s nothing in this world that ghost can do 
no matter what’s ahead I’ll push on through 
for your life or through your death, I’ll keep on.